Laravel — P19- Component Layouts

Actually Creating the Layout

Believe it or not, the difficult part was covered in the previous article. Breaking apart the header and footer components was a tedious task. Creating a layout is simple.

Laravel — P18: Component Layout Prep-Work

Recap

We first created the following file: views/layouts-test/index.blade.php.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="{{ str_replace('_', '-', app()->getLocale()) }}">
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">

    <title>{{ $title }}</title>

    <!-- Fonts -->
    <link href="https://fonts.bunny.net/css2?family=Nunito:wght@400;600;700&display=swap" rel="stylesheet">

    <!-- Styles -->
    <style>
        /*! normalize.css v8.0.1 | MIT License | github.com/necolas/normalize.css */html{line-height:1.15;-webkit-text-size-adjust:100%}body{margin:0}a{background-color:transparent}[hidden]{display:none}html{font-family:system-ui,-apple-system,BlinkMacSystemFont,Segoe UI,Roboto,Helvetica Neue,Arial,Noto Sans,sans-serif,Apple Color Emoji,Segoe UI Emoji,Segoe UI Symbol,Noto Color Emoji;line-height:1.5}*,:after,:before{box-sizing:border-box;border:0 solid #e2e8f0}a{color:inherit;text-decoration:inherit}svg,video{display:block;vertical-align:middle}video{max-width:100%;height:auto}.bg-white{--tw-bg-opacity: 1;background-color:rgb(255 255 255 / var(--tw-bg-opacity))}.bg-gray-100{--tw-bg-opacity: 1;background-color:rgb(243 244 246 / var(--tw-bg-opacity))}.border-gray-200{--tw-border-opacity: 1;border-color:rgb(229 231 235 / var(--tw-border-opacity))}.border-t{border-top-width:1px}.flex{display:flex}.grid{display:grid}.hidden{display:none}.items-center{align-items:center}.justify-center{justify-content:center}.font-semibold{font-weight:600}.h-5{height:1.25rem}.h-8{height:2rem}.h-16{height:4rem}.text-sm{font-size:.875rem}.text-lg{font-size:1.125rem}.leading-7{line-height:1.75rem}.mx-auto{margin-left:auto;margin-right:auto}.ml-1{margin-left:.25rem}.mt-2{margin-top:.5rem}.mr-2{margin-right:.5rem}.ml-2{margin-left:.5rem}.mt-4{margin-top:1rem}.ml-4{margin-left:1rem}.mt-8{margin-top:2rem}.ml-12{margin-left:3rem}.-mt-px{margin-top:-1px}.max-w-6xl{max-width:72rem}.min-h-screen{min-height:100vh}.overflow-hidden{overflow:hidden}.p-6{padding:1.5rem}.py-4{padding-top:1rem;padding-bottom:1rem}.px-6{padding-left:1.5rem;padding-right:1.5rem}.pt-8{padding-top:2rem}.fixed{position:fixed}.relative{position:relative}.top-0{top:0}.right-0{right:0}.shadow{--tw-shadow: 0 1px 3px 0 rgb(0 0 0 / .1), 0 1px 2px -1px rgb(0 0 0 / .1);--tw-shadow-colored: 0 1px 3px 0 var(--tw-shadow-color), 0 1px 2px -1px var(--tw-shadow-color);box-shadow:var(--tw-ring-offset-shadow, 0 0 #0000),var(--tw-ring-shadow, 0 0 #0000),var(--tw-shadow)}.text-center{text-align:center}.text-gray-200{--tw-text-opacity: 1;color:rgb(229 231 235 / var(--tw-text-opacity))}.text-gray-300{--tw-text-opacity: 1;color:rgb(209 213 219 / var(--tw-text-opacity))}.text-gray-400{--tw-text-opacity: 1;color:rgb(156 163 175 / var(--tw-text-opacity))}.text-gray-500{--tw-text-opacity: 1;color:rgb(107 114 128 / var(--tw-text-opacity))}.text-gray-600{--tw-text-opacity: 1;color:rgb(75 85 99 / var(--tw-text-opacity))}.text-gray-700{--tw-text-opacity: 1;color:rgb(55 65 81 / var(--tw-text-opacity))}.text-gray-900{--tw-text-opacity: 1;color:rgb(17 24 39 / var(--tw-text-opacity))}.underline{text-decoration:underline}.antialiased{-webkit-font-smoothing:antialiased;-moz-osx-font-smoothing:grayscale}.w-5{width:1.25rem}.w-8{width:2rem}.w-auto{width:auto}.grid-cols-1{grid-template-columns:repeat(1,minmax(0,1fr))}@media (min-width:640px){.sm\:rounded-lg{border-radius:.5rem}.sm\:block{display:block}.sm\:items-center{align-items:center}.sm\:justify-start{justify-content:flex-start}.sm\:justify-between{justify-content:space-between}.sm\:h-20{height:5rem}.sm\:ml-0{margin-left:0}.sm\:px-6{padding-left:1.5rem;padding-right:1.5rem}.sm\:pt-0{padding-top:0}.sm\:text-left{text-align:left}.sm\:text-right{text-align:right}}@media (min-width:768px){.md\:border-t-0{border-top-width:0}.md\:border-l{border-left-width:1px}.md\:grid-cols-2{grid-template-columns:repeat(2,minmax(0,1fr))}}@media (min-width:1024px){.lg\:px-8{padding-left:2rem;padding-right:2rem}}@media (prefers-color-scheme:dark){.dark\:bg-gray-800{--tw-bg-opacity: 1;background-color:rgb(31 41 55 / var(--tw-bg-opacity))}.dark\:bg-gray-900{--tw-bg-opacity: 1;background-color:rgb(17 24 39 / var(--tw-bg-opacity))}.dark\:border-gray-700{--tw-border-opacity: 1;border-color:rgb(55 65 81 / var(--tw-border-opacity))}.dark\:text-white{--tw-text-opacity: 1;color:rgb(255 255 255 / var(--tw-text-opacity))}.dark\:text-gray-400{--tw-text-opacity: 1;color:rgb(156 163 175 / var(--tw-text-opacity))}.dark\:text-gray-500{--tw-text-opacity: 1;color:rgb(107 114 128 / var(--tw-text-opacity))}}
    </style>

    <script src="https://cdn.tailwindcss.com"></script>
    <script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/gh/alpinejs/alpine@v2.x.x/dist/alpine.min.js" defer></script>
</head>
<body>
    <x-layouts.header.main page-title="{{ $title }}" />
    <x-layouts.footer.main page-title="{{ $title }}" />
</body>
</html>

It’s the code that our route called.

<?php
Route::get('/component-layout', function() {
    return view('layouts-test/index', [
        'title' => 'Component Layout',
    ]);
});

The file displayed the page title, and included the header and the footer components. The header and footer components included components of their own.

So, How Do We Create a Layout?

Create a new file: views/components/layouts/app.blade.php. We’re going to store the same content as we did for our views/layouts-test/index.blade.php file. The only modification that we’ll need to do is add a {{ $slot }} between the header and the footer.

We’ve already seen this in the previous article. The {{ $slot }} allows you to inject whatever code you want to in the middle, including other components.

Let’s see what our layout looks like now that it’s complete.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="{{ str_replace('_', '-', app()->getLocale()) }}">
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">

    <title>{{ $title }}</title>

    <!-- Fonts -->
    <link href="https://fonts.bunny.net/css2?family=Nunito:wght@400;600;700&display=swap" rel="stylesheet">

    <!-- Styles -->
    <style>
        /*! normalize.css v8.0.1 | MIT License | github.com/necolas/normalize.css */html{line-height:1.15;-webkit-text-size-adjust:100%}body{margin:0}a{background-color:transparent}[hidden]{display:none}html{font-family:system-ui,-apple-system,BlinkMacSystemFont,Segoe UI,Roboto,Helvetica Neue,Arial,Noto Sans,sans-serif,Apple Color Emoji,Segoe UI Emoji,Segoe UI Symbol,Noto Color Emoji;line-height:1.5}*,:after,:before{box-sizing:border-box;border:0 solid #e2e8f0}a{color:inherit;text-decoration:inherit}svg,video{display:block;vertical-align:middle}video{max-width:100%;height:auto}.bg-white{--tw-bg-opacity: 1;background-color:rgb(255 255 255 / var(--tw-bg-opacity))}.bg-gray-100{--tw-bg-opacity: 1;background-color:rgb(243 244 246 / var(--tw-bg-opacity))}.border-gray-200{--tw-border-opacity: 1;border-color:rgb(229 231 235 / var(--tw-border-opacity))}.border-t{border-top-width:1px}.flex{display:flex}.grid{display:grid}.hidden{display:none}.items-center{align-items:center}.justify-center{justify-content:center}.font-semibold{font-weight:600}.h-5{height:1.25rem}.h-8{height:2rem}.h-16{height:4rem}.text-sm{font-size:.875rem}.text-lg{font-size:1.125rem}.leading-7{line-height:1.75rem}.mx-auto{margin-left:auto;margin-right:auto}.ml-1{margin-left:.25rem}.mt-2{margin-top:.5rem}.mr-2{margin-right:.5rem}.ml-2{margin-left:.5rem}.mt-4{margin-top:1rem}.ml-4{margin-left:1rem}.mt-8{margin-top:2rem}.ml-12{margin-left:3rem}.-mt-px{margin-top:-1px}.max-w-6xl{max-width:72rem}.min-h-screen{min-height:100vh}.overflow-hidden{overflow:hidden}.p-6{padding:1.5rem}.py-4{padding-top:1rem;padding-bottom:1rem}.px-6{padding-left:1.5rem;padding-right:1.5rem}.pt-8{padding-top:2rem}.fixed{position:fixed}.relative{position:relative}.top-0{top:0}.right-0{right:0}.shadow{--tw-shadow: 0 1px 3px 0 rgb(0 0 0 / .1), 0 1px 2px -1px rgb(0 0 0 / .1);--tw-shadow-colored: 0 1px 3px 0 var(--tw-shadow-color), 0 1px 2px -1px var(--tw-shadow-color);box-shadow:var(--tw-ring-offset-shadow, 0 0 #0000),var(--tw-ring-shadow, 0 0 #0000),var(--tw-shadow)}.text-center{text-align:center}.text-gray-200{--tw-text-opacity: 1;color:rgb(229 231 235 / var(--tw-text-opacity))}.text-gray-300{--tw-text-opacity: 1;color:rgb(209 213 219 / var(--tw-text-opacity))}.text-gray-400{--tw-text-opacity: 1;color:rgb(156 163 175 / var(--tw-text-opacity))}.text-gray-500{--tw-text-opacity: 1;color:rgb(107 114 128 / var(--tw-text-opacity))}.text-gray-600{--tw-text-opacity: 1;color:rgb(75 85 99 / var(--tw-text-opacity))}.text-gray-700{--tw-text-opacity: 1;color:rgb(55 65 81 / var(--tw-text-opacity))}.text-gray-900{--tw-text-opacity: 1;color:rgb(17 24 39 / var(--tw-text-opacity))}.underline{text-decoration:underline}.antialiased{-webkit-font-smoothing:antialiased;-moz-osx-font-smoothing:grayscale}.w-5{width:1.25rem}.w-8{width:2rem}.w-auto{width:auto}.grid-cols-1{grid-template-columns:repeat(1,minmax(0,1fr))}@media (min-width:640px){.sm\:rounded-lg{border-radius:.5rem}.sm\:block{display:block}.sm\:items-center{align-items:center}.sm\:justify-start{justify-content:flex-start}.sm\:justify-between{justify-content:space-between}.sm\:h-20{height:5rem}.sm\:ml-0{margin-left:0}.sm\:px-6{padding-left:1.5rem;padding-right:1.5rem}.sm\:pt-0{padding-top:0}.sm\:text-left{text-align:left}.sm\:text-right{text-align:right}}@media (min-width:768px){.md\:border-t-0{border-top-width:0}.md\:border-l{border-left-width:1px}.md\:grid-cols-2{grid-template-columns:repeat(2,minmax(0,1fr))}}@media (min-width:1024px){.lg\:px-8{padding-left:2rem;padding-right:2rem}}@media (prefers-color-scheme:dark){.dark\:bg-gray-800{--tw-bg-opacity: 1;background-color:rgb(31 41 55 / var(--tw-bg-opacity))}.dark\:bg-gray-900{--tw-bg-opacity: 1;background-color:rgb(17 24 39 / var(--tw-bg-opacity))}.dark\:border-gray-700{--tw-border-opacity: 1;border-color:rgb(55 65 81 / var(--tw-border-opacity))}.dark\:text-white{--tw-text-opacity: 1;color:rgb(255 255 255 / var(--tw-text-opacity))}.dark\:text-gray-400{--tw-text-opacity: 1;color:rgb(156 163 175 / var(--tw-text-opacity))}.dark\:text-gray-500{--tw-text-opacity: 1;color:rgb(107 114 128 / var(--tw-text-opacity))}}
    </style>

    <script src="https://cdn.tailwindcss.com"></script>
    <script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/gh/alpinejs/alpine@v2.x.x/dist/alpine.min.js" defer></script>
</head>
<body>
    <x-layouts.header.main page-title="{{ $title }}" />

    {{ $slot }}

    <x-layouts.footer.main page-title="{{ $title }}" />
</body>
</html>

Now What? How do we use our layout?

Creating Our Home Page

Remember our home page from template-inheritance?

We have the header and the footer. We’re just missing the middle content. So, let’s create it. First, we’ll need a route to get there.

<?php
Route::get('/component-layout', function() {
    return view('home/index', [
        'title' => 'Component Layout',
    ]);
});

Next, I’m going to create a views/home/index.blade.php file. Within it, we’ll add our layout tag. As you can see, we’re passing our title to the home/index view. From there, we need to also pass it to our layout since we have, for example, <title>{{ $title }}</title> inside of our layouts/app file. The full code looks like this so far.

<x-layouts.app title="{{ $title }}">
    Test
</x-layouts.app>

The title prop is attached to the tag, and everything in the middle is passed to the $slot variable. In this case, it’s the word Test. If we visit our route, we see the following.

We just need to add our code for the body where our Test now resides.

<x-layouts.app title="{{ $title }}">

    <div class="flex bg-white" style="height:600px;">
        <div class="flex items-center text-center lg:text-left px-8 md:px-12 lg:w-1/2">
            <div>
                <h2 class="text-3xl font-semibold text-gray-800 md:text-4xl">Template <span class="text-indigo-600">Inheritance</span></h2>
                <p class="mt-2 text-sm text-gray-500 md:text-base">We're building a layout using template inheritance. Blanditiis commodi cum cupiditate ducimus, fugit harum id necessitatibus odio quam quasi, quibusdam rem tempora voluptates. Cumque debitis dignissimos id quam vel!</p>
                <div class="flex justify-center lg:justify-start mt-6">
                    <a class="px-4 py-3 bg-gray-900 text-gray-200 text-xs font-semibold rounded hover:bg-gray-800" href="#">Get Started</a>
                    <a class="mx-4 px-4 py-3 bg-gray-300 text-gray-900 text-xs font-semibold rounded hover:bg-gray-400" href="#">Learn More</a>
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
        <div class="hidden lg:block lg:w-1/2" style="clip-path:polygon(10% 0, 100% 0%, 100% 100%, 0 100%)">
            <div class="h-full object-cover" style="background-image: url(https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1498050108023-c5249f4df085?ixlib=rb-1.2.1&ixid=eyJhcHBfaWQiOjEyMDd9&auto=format&fit=crop&w=1352&q=80)">
                <div class="h-full bg-black opacity-25"></div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>

</x-layouts.app>

Let’s refresh our route.

Success. We get our home page. We can now create our contact page and do the same thing. I’ll create a contact/index file.

<x-layouts.app title="{{ $title }}">

    <div class="container px-5 py-10 mx-auto flex">
        <div class="lg:w-1/2 md:w-1/2 bg-white rounded-lg p-8 flex flex-col mx-auto w-full mt-10 md:mt-0 relative z-10 shadow-md">
            <h2 class="text-gray-900 text-lg mb-1 font-medium title-font">Contact</h2>
            <p class="leading-relaxed mb-5 text-gray-600">Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit.</p>
            <div class="relative mb-4">
                <label for="email" class="leading-7 text-sm text-gray-600">Email</label>
                <input type="email" id="email" name="email" class="w-full bg-white rounded border border-gray-300 focus:border-indigo-500 focus:ring-2 focus:ring-indigo-200 text-base outline-none text-gray-700 py-1 px-3 leading-8 transition-colors duration-200 ease-in-out">
            </div>
            <div class="relative mb-4">
                <label for="message" class="leading-7 text-sm text-gray-600">Message</label>
                <textarea id="message" name="message" class="w-full bg-white rounded border border-gray-300 focus:border-indigo-500 focus:ring-2 focus:ring-indigo-200 h-32 text-base outline-none text-gray-700 py-1 px-3 resize-none leading-6 transition-colors duration-200 ease-in-out"></textarea>
            </div>
            <button class="text-white bg-indigo-500 border-0 py-2 px-6 focus:outline-none hover:bg-indigo-600 rounded text-lg">Button</button>
            <p class="text-xs text-gray-500 mt-3">Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit.</p>
        </div>
    </div>

</x-layouts.app>

We’ll need a route to display it.

<?php
Route::get('/component-layout/contact', function() {
    return view('contact/index', [
        'title' => 'Component Layout - Contact',
    ]);
});

 

That’s all there is to it when it comes to component layouts. Nothing much more that you’ll need at this point in time.

https://github.com/dinocajic/youtube-laravel

Laravel Series

Continue your Laravel Learning.

Laravel — P18: Component Layout Prep-Work

Layouts For Our Blade Components

Laravel – P18: Component Layout Prep-Work

How do we create a layout that we can reuse with our Blade Components? That’s what this article is going to answer with the entire layout: header, footer, etc.

Laravel — P19- Component Layouts

Actually Creating the Layout

Laravel – P19: Component Layouts

Believe it or not, the difficult part was covered in the previous article. Breaking apart the header and footer components was a tedious task. Creating a layout is simple.

Leave a Reply